Health information

British scientists called habits that can prolong a person’s life

Some aspects of health and vitality are regulated by genes and the way our mother behaves during pregnancy, but many habits and lifestyle factors, including fitness, diet and weight, contribute to longevity.

Even before we were born, health can suffer from the lifestyle choices our mother makes. Studies have shown that if a pregnant mother is under severe stress, it can affect the child, making the children less able to cope with it in life. What other habits affect longevity - in the article below.

Alcohol can prolong life.

A new study by British scientists has shown that alcohol consumption (in moderation) is associated with a longer life. According to scientists, drinking two glasses of wine or beer every day is associated with an eighteen percent reduction in the risk of premature death of a person. The study was conducted by the California Institute of Irvine for impaired memory and neurological disorders. This organization analyzes the habits of people who live at least ninety years.

Although the results of this work have not yet been published in scientific publishing houses, but this has already entailed a stream of titles praising the drink. Work on the study of alcohol is not the first thing that connects alcoholic beverages with a long life. An earlier study in 2017 also determined that moderate doses of alcohol prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Red wine, in particular, stands out for its advantage against aging, usually due to a compound called resveratrol. Nevertheless, the use of alcoholic beverages requires further study.

There are still many British scientists who do not know whether alcohol is harmful or beneficial, but work shows that moderation in drinking is key. It is reasonable to reduce the dose if drinking becomes excessive, and there is probably no reason to stop using it if you do it in moderate doses.

Despite the above factors, alcohol during pregnancy leads to fetal alcohol syndrome in infants, which can cause disability throughout life, as well as other physical problems. Smoking can affect their development. Studies also show that abusing a pregnant woman’s diet may increase the risk of obesity in a child by changing his DNA. Having a happy childhood increases longevity, since those who are unhappy with theirs have a greater risk of heart disease in adulthood.

Physical activity against premature death

Walking is key because sunlight is important in obtaining vitamin D. Currently, every fourth child lacks this vitamin, which is necessary for building strong bones. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and phosphorus from food.

The pressure of domestic concerns and family life can make you feel that there is little time for a healthy lifestyle and exercise. In addition to weight loss, there are many benefits from exercise, and this can be of great importance for maintaining health. Playing sports means a healthy heart, because it reduces several cardiovascular risks, including high blood pressure and heart disease. Physical activity can support good mental health and help you cope with stress, anxiety and even depression. Regular exercise can achieve and maintain an ideal weight, as well as reduce the risk of developing diabetes.

Weight care jogging - protection against osteoporosis (bones become thin, weak and break easily). In childhood, they are strong, and when they break, they usually recover quickly. As we grow older, the bones grow more slowly, the joints are weak and fragile. We lose bone density from the middle of the 30 years mark, which is a normal part of aging. Lifestyle factors, such as a calcium-rich diet and frequent exercise, will help maintain health and minimize the risk of fractures. Exposure to sunlight is critical for increasing vitamin D levels.

We all know that friends are important for a happy life, but recently it turned out that friendship really helps us live longer. Studies of loneliness have shown that social isolation is associated with a higher mortality rate among the elderly, and loneliness is a “hidden killer”. Similarly, analysis has shown that people who marry live longer than single people. Scientists believe that those who marry have better social support networks, minimizing the risk of isolation.

Avoid bad food

Proper diet is central to overall good health, although it is still necessary to avoid certain foods - this will prolong your life. Eating too much high-calorie foods rich in simple carbohydrates (sugars) or fat can lead to rapid weight gain and obesity. Some fats are known to be especially harmful to you. Trans fats made from hydrogenated vegetable oil can be found in margarine, biscuits, pastries, and fast food. This significantly increases the level of "bad" cholesterol, increasing the risk of atherosclerosis, which blocks the arteries, leading to heart disease and stroke. Reducing salt intake is also important for maintaining heart health, as a large amount provokes high blood pressure, heart failure, stroke and other complications.

Alcoholism can have negative consequences - not only the hangover the next day, but also long-term damage to the internal organs of the body. It is important to exclude cigarettes, since smoking increases the risk of more than fifty diseases. It causes about ninety percent of lung cancers, damages your heart and blood circulation, worsens respiratory conditions and affects fertility.

Your DNA affects life

Although there are measures that we can take to live a long and healthy life, there may be an element of luck - depending on our DNA. Much research on aging has focused on the role of telomeres. These are protective tips on the end of the chromosomes, sometimes compared with the ends of the laces. Their role is to preserve the end of the chromosome and prevent the loss of the genetic code during cell division. Each time our cells divide, the telomere tips become shorter. In the end, they become so short that they stop the separation of cells - it means that the cells die and we age. Studies have shown that long telomeres are associated with a longer service life, while short telomeres border on such diseases: heart disease and dementia.