Disease symptoms

Lethargy

Flaccidity or fatigue is a multifaceted concept. Every medical professional, from a psychologist to an endocrinologist, treats this symptom differently. The reason for the breakdown can be hidden behind the usual fatigue and adjusted for an additional weekend. But this does not work with all patients. Hormonal failure, immune disorders, inflammatory or bacterial processes, problems with sleep or diet - all this can provoke lethargy. What you need to know about the symptom and when to consult a doctor?

General characteristics of the state

Drowsiness and apathy periodically accompany a person throughout his life. This is a normal reaction of the nervous system and the body, which cannot function to the limit of capabilities 24 hours a day. Each person should distinguish between a feeling of fatigue after physical exertion / hard working day and a long exhausted condition. If in the first case there is enough relaxing bath, sleep or a pleasant stay, then the second can not be managed without the help of a doctor. What are the causes of lethargy and is it possible to get rid of it on your own?

Hormonal disbalance

Absolutely all processes in the female or male body are regulated by hormones. Hormones are produced by a group of glands and can affect our physical well-being, mood, actions and needs. Hormonal disruptions entail consequences of varying degrees of intensity - from acne or obesity to infertility. All these conditions are accompanied by a breakdown, which we call lethargy. What kind of hormones are we talking about and how do they affect our well-being?

Thyroid Hormones

The body is involved in metabolic processes, regulates sleep, appetite, physical activity, the ability to memorize and analyze. With a lack of hormones, a person feels fatigue, a decrease in mental activity, a lack of motivation and a bad mood. Additionally, the patient may be disturbed by dry skin and increased hair loss. Characteristic lethargy is formed in the morning. A person does not want to wake up, get out of bed and start daily duties.

Estrogen

This is the main female sex hormone, the lack of which leads to a sudden increase in body temperature, apathy, depressed mood. If the level of estrogen significantly exceeds the norm, in addition to lethargy, the patient experiences anxiety, migraine, mood swings. Additionally possible body mass jumps.

Testosterone

Failure to produce the main male hormone seriously affects the libido, the quality of the muscular system, motivation, physical activity and memory. Lethargy and nervousness increase significantly after a workout, long walking and any other muscle load. According to statistics, hormonal disruptions occur more often in people over the age of 40, but this does not cancel cases of illness in toddlers, adolescents and young patients. Particular attention should be paid to the pubertal period of development and menopause. Be sure to visit the doctor to make sure your own health.

Insulin

The main task of insulin is to inform cells about the presence of nutrients (sugar, fats, amino acids) in the bloodstream and to help in the synthesis of vital components. As soon as the hormone ceases to perform its functions qualitatively, the body becomes susceptible to diabetes. It regularly requires sweets and makes a person feel tremendous discomfort. Drowsiness, reduced visual acuity, memory impairment, irritation, tremor and constant craving for food become the daily companions of the patient. Moreover, after each desired meal, a feeling of incredible fatigue is formed, although the flow of food must be accompanied by growth, not loss of strength.

Progesterone

Progesterone is responsible not only for pregnancy / embryonic development, but also for the quality of the brain. Sometimes the substance is called the hormone of happiness, since it is progesterone that can increase mood and fight depression. Unreasonable lethargy, supported by stretch marks on the skin, insomnia, mood swings, anxiety and rapid weight gain may indicate a failure of progesterone production.

How to cope with hormonal failure? First consult a general practitioner, describe your own condition and follow the instructions of a specialist. You will be redirected to the profile doctor, asked to pass a few tests to check the level of hormones. As soon as the results are ready, the doctor will select the optimal therapy and solve health problems. Do not try to correct the hormonal balance yourself. Diet and lifestyle changes are only part of hormone therapy, and uncontrolled use of medications can be fraught with irreversible disorders.

Food fatigue

Our well-being is directly related to the quality of the diet. Unbalanced diet is one of the most common causes of lethargy. People who regularly abuse sugar, fast carbohydrates and fatty foods are subject to a breakdown.

How does the body respond to an unbalanced diet?

  1. After a meal, the concentration of glucose in the blood increases sharply, which entails a short-term charge of energy. Hunger is blocked for the next 1-3 hours.
  2. The level of glucose gradually decreases, which provokes a kind of rollback. A person feels lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue, a sharp hunger or, conversely, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach. How fast is rollback? It depends on the quantity, quality of eaten fast food and the specific reaction of the body.
  3. If sweet / fatty snacks occur rarely, the gastrointestinal tract easily copes with the abundance of glucose and regulates its own energy. If a person does not follow the diet, the body gradually loses control over energy supply and the ability to produce insulin, glucose.

Is it possible to get rid of lethargy after eating? Yes. Correction of the diet and the introduction of healthy habits will relieve fatigue. Determine the type of food that is right for you and do not forget to maintain water balance. Try a variety of systems, products, or consult a nutritionist. The main thing is to find food that will give energy, ease and comfort to your body.

Adrenaline fatigue

The world first learned about the term adrenaline fatigue in 1998 thanks to Dr. James Wilson. In 2010, WHO recognized adrenaline fatigue disease. The condition is characterized as one of the types of fatigue, which is associated with a violation of the adrenal glands. It is this organ that helps us to cope with stress, regulates immunity, preserves vital energy and is responsible for the performance of the heart. As soon as a person experiences psychological or physical stress, the adrenal glands no longer cope with the load and provoke adrenaline fatigue.

Symptoms of adrenaline lethargy include:

  • collapse for no apparent reason, from which it is impossible to go out on your own;
  • apathetic condition during the daytime and insomnia at night;
  • craving for sweet, salty, caffeine and nicotine (all these substances have a powerful effect on the body and provoke a rapid energy rise);
  • problems with short-term memory, difficulty concentrating;
  • constant tension, distraction and depression.

How to cope with adrenaline fatigue? First of all, you should determine the main source of stress. It can be hard work, lack of necessary life realization or internal pathologies. As soon as the problem is found - consult a doctor who can solve it, and proceed with therapy.

Adrenaline melancholy develops both due to psychological and physiological factors. The work of the adrenal glands may be impaired due to illness or any physical defects.

Sleep disturbance

Mankind recently began to think not only about the quantity, but also the quality of sleep. Medical academies conduct hundreds of studies to establish a direct connection between lethargy and sleep. What came of it? Sleep is a necessary rest for the body. If its quality is unsatisfactory, and the quantity is significantly different from the norm, the person loses energy, and failure occurs in all internal systems. Synthesis of hormones is disturbed, the brain begins to work more slowly, the immune system ceases to perform its functions, and the person suffers from new unpleasant symptoms.

Is it possible to correct the situation by yourself? Yes, it is enough to comply with the regime, which includes:

  • going to sleep and awakening at about the same time;
  • avoiding the use of gadgets at least 1 hour before sleep (so the eyes can relax, and the brain tune in to rest);
  • Rejection of eating at least 3 hours before bedtime;
  • decrease in the level of caffeine during the day (you can substitute your favorite coffee with chicory or switch to smoothies / freshes / tea);
  • the use of vitamins that affect vigor and performance (exclusively for medical reasons);
  • use of breathing exercises, yoga, relaxing baths before bed (choose a suitable ritual and perform it every day a few hours before bedtime).

Sleep disturbance can be associated with serious illnesses (such as apnea). If self-correction mode does not produce results - consult your doctor.

Psychological fatigue

Lethargy is a constant companion of depressive disorders, anxiety and other psychological problems. All this is exacerbated by sleep disturbance, refusal of food, general depression. Anxiety can worsen after natural disasters and be temporary. A person worries about what happened, thinks about the tragedy, reads news bulletins and cannot take up his usual duties. In most cases, a way out of this state takes 1-3 days. If lethargy does not go away, and the emotional state only worsens, consult a specialist.

To overcome depression, it is best to immediately consult a doctor. He will find the root of the problem and select an individual treatment program. Therapy may consist of regular consultations, homeopathy, medication, and various psychological practices. The main task of the doctor is to find a suitable set of measures that will lead the patient out of a decline.

Temporary fatigue

Irritation after a professional failure, weakness after the first visit to the hall, apathy after a failed school project - doctors call it all the norm. The resources of the human body are limited. We must sleep, eat, feel happy, and regularly recover in order to continue to function in society. The result of this functioning cannot be 100% successful, which sometimes causes us pain, anger and unwillingness to continue. A temporary decrease in performance is the ability to reboot for our body. The main thing is that a person can overcome laziness and quickly return to the usual pace. If you are unable to get rid of lethargy yourself, the symptom persists for a long time, or you suspect serious internal disturbances, consult a doctor. The cause of the loss of strength can be both physiological and psychological problems.

How to deal with lethargy?

First, determine its cause. If you can not figure it out yourself - consult a doctor. Lethargy can be triggered by a huge number of factors - from dehydration to severe psychological conditions. If lethargy is caused by temporary troubles or difficult events, just give yourself time to rest and, as soon as you are ready, go back to your usual life.

Fatigue is a peculiar reaction of the body to internal imbalance and a way to prevent it. The brain literally makes us give up our usual activities, slow down and replenish our resources. Learn to read the signals of your own body and regularly visit the doctor. Perhaps you should change your diet or set aside an extra hour for your hobby, which will take productivity to a whole new level.

Watch the video: Lethargy (December 2019).

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